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Subcutaneous Anterior Transposition With Modified Procedures to Prevent Recurrence Associated With the Transposed Ulnar Nerve.

Subcutaneous anterior transposition of the ulnar nerve is a common surgical treatment for cubital tunnel syndrome. However, there are surgical failures associated with the new compressive sites at the edge of flexor carpi ulnaris (FCU) and resubluxation posterior to the medial epicondyle of the transposed nerve. To reduce the muscle volume at the edge of FCU, we approach the ulnar nerve by dividing the muscle belly of the FCU humeral heads. This procedure can reduce repeated traction forces on the transposed nerve at the edge of the FCU. To keep the transposed ulnar nerve anteriorly, we use a fat flap including the membranous superficial fascia. This flap can softly stabilize the ulnar nerve and act as a pliable cover to prevent perineural scarring or further constriction around the flap. Ninety-three elbows in 90 patients who had undergone this procedure for cubital tunnel syndrome were evaluated. According to Messina's criteria, the numbers of patients showing excellent, good, fair, and poor recovery were 41 (44%), 47 (51%), 5 (5%), and 0 (0%), respectively. Most patients experience resolution of symptoms and good functional outcomes. None of the patients suffered recurrence, infection, or nerve injury.

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