Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Coexisting RET/PTC and TERT Promoter Mutation Predict Poor Prognosis but Effective RET and MEK Targets in Thyroid Cancer.

PURPOSE: To investigate the role of coexisting RET/PTC rearrangement and TERT promoter mutation in the prognosis and therapeutic targeting in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC).

METHODS: A total of 669 PTC patients with complete clinical follow-up and genetic data were pooled from thyroid cancer datasets TCGA, MSK MetTropism, and MSK-IMPACT, from whom 163 patients (112 women and 47 men, 4 unknown) with wild-type BRAF/RAS were identified, with median age (IQR) of 46.00 (33.00, 61.00) years and median follow-up time (IQR) of 16.13 (8.09, 27.91) months for comparative genotype cohort analysis of mortality.

RESULTS: There was a significant concurrence index between RET/PTC and TERT promoter mutations, being 2.040 (95% CI 1.110-3.747, P = 0.023). Mortality occurred in 5/100 (5%) patients harboring neither mutation, 2/18 (11.1%) patients harboring TERT promoter mutation alone, 0/31 (0%) patients harboring RET/PTC alone, and 7/14 (50%) patients harboring both genetic alterations, corresponding to HRs (95% CI) of 1 (Reference), 2.469 (0.405-14.02), 3.296e-09 (0-inf), and 9.019 (2.635-30.87), respectively, which remained essentially unchanged after adjustment for patient race, sex, and age. Similar results were observed with BRAF/RAS and TERT promoter mutations. Mechanistically, RET/PTC used the MAP kinase pathway to upregulate the mutated TERT, but not the wild-type TERT, and, correspondingly, targeting RET and MEK could suppress mutated TERT but not the wild-type TERT.

CONCLUSION: Coexisting RET/PTC and TERT promoter mutation identify PTC as a unique clinical entity with high mortality, providing new implications for genetic-based prognostication and potential therapeutic targeting of RET and MEK guided by RET/PTC and TERT status.

Full text links

We have located open access text paper links.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app