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New targeted therapies in liposarcoma: state of art and future perspectives.

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Liposarcomas (LPSs) represent the most common soft tissue sarcoma (STS) subtype, and exhibit distinct clinical molecular features according to histological subgroup. Chemotherapy (ChT), and in particular anthracycline-based schedules, still remains the standard of treatment for all LPS forms. However, given the increasing knowledge gained throughout last years about LPS molecular biology and their genomic profiling, new therapeutic alternatives with targeted drugs are now to be considered. In this review, we will highlight most promising ongoing and published clinical trials regarding targeted therapies in LPSs and provide some insights about future approaches and possible new treatment options for this rare disease.

RECENT FINDINGS: Among all the explored targets, mouse double minute 2 homolog amplification and CKD4-Rb axis inhibition seem to be the most promising target in well differentiated/dedifferentiated LPS subtype. On the other hand, myxoid LPS is known to have a particular sensitivity for trabectedin, which acts like a targeted drug due to its specific action on cellular DNA. In addition to these, multiple other strategies are now being evaluated in LPSs, including the administration of immune-checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) and 'new-old' cytotoxic agents, such as cabazitaxel, in a continuously growing scenario.

SUMMARY: Although preliminary, results of recently published and ongoing examined clinical trials will hopefully be translated in clinical practice in the next future, leading the way to future research in this rare disease.

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