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Clinical Outcomes of Integrase Strand Transfer Inhibitors Containing Antiretroviral Therapy in HIV-2: A Narrative Review.

The human immunodeficiency virus type 2 (HIV-2) is a particular subtype of HIV, which is endemic in West Africa and is characterized by a more indolent course than HIV-1. As people living with HIV-2 (PWH-2) are at risk for the development of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and can transmit the virus, antiretroviral therapy is usually indicated. However, the optimal treatment of HIV-2 is unknown and historically the protease inhibitors (PIs) were a regular part of therapy. Nowadays, the use of integrase strand transfer inhibitors (INSTIs) in HIV-2 is increasing but the evidence supporting this approach is limited. In this narrative review, we outline the clinical data on the use of INSTI-containing antiretroviral therapy in HIV-2. We found that in the setting of treatment-naïve PWH-2, the use of INSTIs is successful, but also noted large heterogeneity in reported outcomes and that most cohorts are small with limited follow-up time. There is a lack of studies comparing the efficacy of INSTIs to other first-line options. For treatment-experienced PWH-2, the efficacy of INSTI is highly variable.

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