Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Clinical and laboratory findings characterizing the need for systemic corticosteroids and nonsteroidal systemic therapies, and the predicted outcomes in cutaneous polyarteritis nodosa: A single-centre retrospective analysis.

BACKGROUND: Cutaneous polyarteritis nodosa (cPN) is a necrotizing arteritis of medium-sized vessels limited to the skin. Because of its rarity and the diversity of its clinical manifestations, there is no consensus treatment. Moreover, there are no established indicators that predict disease severity or its outcome.

OBJECTIVES: To investigate clinico-laboratory features that predict patients requiring systemic therapy, including corticosteroids, to control the disease activity.

METHODS: Thirty-six cPN patients who had not received systemic corticosteroids at the initial visit were retrospectively analysed by correlating the treatment and its response with clinico-laboratory findings.

RESULTS: The major medications administered were antiplatelet agents (63.9%), vasodilators (38.9%), and prednisolone (PSL) (36.1%). In all, 23 cases achieved remission without PSL; 5 were managed with compression therapy alone or even observation; 18 received antiplatelet monotherapy or combined with vasodilator/dapsone; 13 required PSL; 10 achieved remission with PSL monotherapy or PSL and single/multiple medications and 3 with PSL and multiple drugs failed to achieve remission and underwent limb amputation. There were more skin ulcers and an elevated peripheral white blood cell (WBC) count and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) before corticosteroid induction in patients requiring PSL. Three cases with treatment failure had a markedly elevated ESR (>50).

CONCLUSIONS: More than half of cPN can achieve remission without corticosteroids; an elevated WBC and the presence of skin ulcers predict the need for PSL; a high ESR before corticosteroid induction predicts treatment resistance, even with PSL.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app