Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Triggering Toll-Like Receptor 5 signaling during pneumococcal superinfection prevents the selection of antibiotic resistance.

Toll-like receptor 5 (TLR5) signaling plays a key role in antibacterial defenses. We previously showed that respiratory administration of flagellin, a potent TLR5 agonist, in combination with amoxicillin improves the treatment of primary pneumonia or superinfection caused by amoxicillin-sensitive or -resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae. Here, the impact of adjunct flagellin therapy on antibiotic dose/regimen and the selection of antibiotic-resistant S. pneumoniae was investigated using superinfection with isogenic antibiotic-sensitive and -resistant bacteria and population dynamics analysis. Our findings demonstrate that flagellin allows for a 200-fold reduction in the antibiotic dose, achieving the same therapeutic effect observed with antibiotic alone. Adjunct treatment also reduced the selection of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in contrast to the antibiotic monotherapy. Finally, we developed a mathematical model that captured the population dynamics and estimated a 20-fold enhancement immune-modulatory factor on bacterial clearance. This work paves the way for the development of host-directed therapy and refinement of treatment by modeling.

Full text links

We have located open access text paper links.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app