Comparative Study
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Total hysterectomy versus radical hysterectomy in neuroendocrine cervical cancer: a SEER-database analysis.

PURPOSE: We conducted this study to evaluate the efficacy of total hysterectomy versus radical hysterectomy in the treatment of neuroendocrine cervical cancer (NECC).

METHODS: Eligible NECC patients were identified from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database. Demographic characteristics, clinical treatment and survival of the patients were collected. The overall survival (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS) were estimated by Kaplan-Meier analysis with log-rank test.

RESULTS: A total of 286 patients were included, with 104 patients undergoing total hysterectomy and 182 patients undergoing radical hysterectomy. The 5-year OS were 50.8% in the total hysterectomy group and 47.5% in the radical hysterectomy group (p = 0.450); and the corresponding 5-year CSS were 51.6% and 49.1% (p = 0.494), respectively. Along with surgery, radiotherapy was given to 49.0% of patients in the total hysterectomy group and 50.5% in the radical hysterectomy group; and chemotherapy was administered to 77.9% of patients in the total hysterectomy group and 85.7% in the radical hysterectomy group. Unexpectedly, in patients who received adjuvant radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy, the OS was superior in the total hysterectomy group compared with the radical hysterectomy group (p = 0.034). While in patients who received chemotherapy alone and those who received neither radiotherapy nor chemotherapy, the OS still remained comparable between the total hysterectomy and radical hysterectomy group.

CONCLUSION: Compared with radical hysterectomy, total hysterectomy was not associated with compromised survival prognosis in patients with NECC. Total hysterectomy has the potential to be a surgical alternative in the multimodal management of NECC.

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