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Clinical Use of Super Bioavailable Itraconazole for the Management of Dermatophytosis: Consensus Statement by Dermatologists from India via the Modified Delphi Technique.

INTRODUCTION: Super bioavailable itraconazole (SB ITZ) overcomes the limitations of conventional itraconazole (CITZ) such as inter-individual variability and reduced bioavailability. It has been approved for systemic mycoses in Australia and Europe as 50mg and the United States as 65mg and in India as 50mg, 65mg, 100mg, and 130mg. However, data on the ideal dose and duration of SB ITZ treatment in managing dermatophytosis is insufficient. This consensus discusses the suitability, dosage, duration of treatment, and relevance of using SB ITZ in managing dermatophytosis in different clinical scenarios.

METHODS: Sixteen dermatologists, (>15 years of experience in the field and ≥2 years clinical experience with SB ITZ) formed the expert panel. A modified Delphi technique was employed, and a consensus was reached if the concordance in response was >75%.

RESULTS: A total of 26 consensus statements were developed. The preferred dose of SB ITZ is 130mg once daily and if not tolerated, 65mg twice daily. The preferred duration for treating naïve dermatophytosis is 4-6 weeks and that for recalcitrant dermatophytosis is 6-8 weeks. Moreover, cure rates for dermatophytosis are a little better with SB ITZ than with CITZ with a similar safety profile as of CITZ. Better patient compliance and efficacy are associated with SB ITZ than with CITZ, even in patients with comorbidities and special needs such as patients with diabetes, extensive lesions, corticosteroid abuse, adolescents, and those on multiple drugs.

CONCLUSION: Expert opinions indicate that overall clinical experience with SB ITZ is better than that with CITZ.

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