Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

The common variable immunodeficiency IgM repertoire narrowly recognizes erythrocyte and platelet glycans.

BACKGROUND: Autoimmune cytopenias (AICs) regularly occur in profoundly IgG-deficient patients with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID). The isotypes, antigenic targets, and origin(s) of their disease-causing autoantibodies are unclear.

OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine reactivity, clonality, and provenance of AIC-associated IgM autoantibodies in patients with CVID.

METHODS: We used glycan arrays, patient erythrocytes, and platelets to determine targets of CVID IgM autoantibodies. Glycan-binding profiles were used to identify autoreactive clones across B-cell subsets, specifically circulating marginal zone (MZ) B cells, for sorting and IGH sequencing. The locations, transcriptomes, and responses of tonsillar MZ B cells to different TH - cell subsets were determined by confocal microscopy, RNA-sequencing, and cocultures, respectively.

RESULTS: Autoreactive IgM coated erythrocytes and platelets from many CVID patients with AICs (CVID+AIC). On glycan arrays, CVID+AIC plasma IgM narrowly recognized erythrocytic i antigens and platelet i-related antigens and failed to bind hundreds of pathogen- and tumor-associated carbohydrates. Polyclonal i antigen-recognizing B-cell receptors were highly enriched among CVID+AIC circulating MZ B cells. Within tonsillar tissues, MZ B cells secreted copious IgM when activated by the combination of IL-10 and IL-21 or when cultured with IL-10/IL-21-secreting FOXP3- CD25hi T follicular helper (Tfh) cells. In lymph nodes from immunocompetent controls, MZ B cells, plentiful FOXP3+ regulatory T cells, and rare FOXP3- CD25+ cells that represented likely CD25hi Tfh cells all localized outside of germinal centers. In CVID+AIC lymph nodes, cellular positions were similar but CD25hi Tfh cells greatly outnumbered regulatory cells.

CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that glycan-reactive IgM autoantibodies produced outside of germinal centers may contribute to the autoimmune pathogenesis of CVID.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app