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The Effect of Roflumilast on Lipopolysaccharide-induced Acute Lung Injury During Neutropenia Recovery in Mice.

In Vivo 2024
BACKGROUND/AIM: Patients with pneumonia after prolonged neutropenia are at increased risk for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The key molecule of endothelial barrier breakdown in sepsis is lipopolysaccharide (LPS), which is a component of the outer membrane of gram-negative bacterial cell walls. Maintaining increased cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) levels in endothelial cells is effective in preventing endothelial dysfunction and microvascular permeability. The aim of this study was to elucidate whether roflumilast, a phosphodiesterase-4 (PDE-4) inhibitor, is effective in LPS-induced acute lung injury (ALI) during neutropenia recovery in a murine model.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: To induce neutropenia, all mice were administered intraperitoneal cyclophosphamide. On day 2 after neutropenia, mice were administered LPS by intra-tracheal instillation. In the prevention group, roflumilast was given orally on day 0, when neutropenia was induced. In the treatment group, roflumilast was administered orally 1 hour after LPS injection.

RESULTS: Roflumilast attenuated histopathological changes associated with LPS-induced lung injury. The accumulation of neutrophils and the concentrations of inflammatory cytokines IL-1β, TNF-α, and IL-6 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluids were inhibited effectively by roflumilast. Also, MMP-9 and TGF-β expression was attenuated in the roflumilast group.

CONCLUSION: Roflumilast significantly attenuated LPS-induced ALI during neutropenia recovery.

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