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Role of High-sensitivity C-reactive Protein in Future Cardiovascular Events in Hemodialysis Patients.

In Vivo 2024
BACKGROUND/AIM: The pathogenesis of cardio-vascular disease (CVD) in hemodialysis (HD) patients involves inflammation and oxidative stress. High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) is an established inflammatory biomarker associated with CVD. Several studies have suggested that the inflammatory biomarker pentraxin-3 (PTX-3) and the oxidative stress-related biomarker soluble lectin-like low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (sLOX-1) are novel biomarkers for CVD in non-HD populations. This study aimed to clarify the association of these established and novel biomarkers with future cardiovascular (CV) events in HD patients.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a single-center prospective cohort study that included 255 HD patients. The primary outcome was the composite of nonfatal and fatal CV events. The event-free survival rate between the two groups according to the median plasma level of each biomarker at baseline was evaluated using the Kaplan-Meier method. The risk for CV events at elevated levels of each biomarker was estimated using Cox proportional hazard model.

RESULTS: We observed 44 CV events during the median follow-up period of 743 days. The event-free survival rate significantly differed between the two groups in hs-CRP but not in PTX-3 or sLOX-1. The unadjusted hazard ratio (HR) for CV events in patients with hs-CRP levels above the median was 2.63 [95% confidence interval (CI)=1.37-5.02]. The HR remained significant after adjusting for age, sex, history of CVD, and diabetes (HR=2.30; 95%CI=1.20-4.43).

CONCLUSION: In HD patients, hs-CRP may have a predictable role for future CV events, whereas PTX-3 and sLOX-1 do not.

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