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Parotid Gland Cancer With First Bite Syndrome Detected via CT-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology.

In Vivo 2024
BACKGROUND/AIM: First bite syndrome (FBS) is a symptom of severe pain at the beginning of a meal that lessens as the meal progresses. It is a common postoperative complication of parapharyngeal space tumors and is rarely reported as the first symptom of parotid carcinoma. The parapharyngeal space is considered a difficult area for approach; hence, preoperative histopathology is often challenging. However, there are hardly any reports on the approach of performing biopsies under computerized tomography (CT) guidance.

CASE REPORT: A 28-year-old woman presented to our hospital with the chief complaint of pain in the left parotid region since the past year. Contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging of the parotid gland revealed a 10-mm high-signal area on T2-weighted images extending from the deep lobe of the left parotid gland to the parapharyngeal space, which could not be visualized on ultrasound. She was suspected to have a malignant tumor because of the presence of a parotid tumor with FBS. Therefore, she underwent CT-guided fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) and was diagnosed with adenoid cystic carcinoma. The patient underwent left parotid tumor resection and left cervical dissection, and her pain during feeding improved postoperatively.

CONCLUSION: In a patient with parotid tumor extending into the parapharyngeal space with FBS as the initial symptom, CT-guided FNAC was successfully used to diagnose parotid carcinoma. Symptoms of pain, including FBS, should be considered in cases of malignancy. CT-guided FNAC is effective for lesions that cannot be visualized by ultrasound, such as those in the parapharyngeal space.

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