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Patient Experiences with a Multidisciplinary Fibroid Program.

STUDY OBJECTIVE: Although medical, interventional, and surgical treatment options for fibroids have expanded over the last decade, many patients are not thoroughly counseled about all available therapies. Patients desire a more comprehensive approach with shared decision-making tailored to their health goals. The aim of this study is to assess patient knowledge regarding treatment options before and after consultation with a multidisciplinary fibroid center.

DESIGN: Prospective Survey Study SETTING: Academic medical center in New York, NY.

PATIENTS AND PARTICIPANTS: Patients who presented for initial consultation with a multidisciplinary fibroid program from July 2021 through January 2022.

INTERVENTIONS: Patients were offered same-day office consultation with a minimally invasive gynecologic surgeon (MIGS) followed by a telemedicine visit with an interventional radiologist (IR) within three weeks of appointment request. Collaborative discussions were held between providers regarding patient care. Patients were asked to complete the survey following both appointments. Data was collected regarding demographics, prior evaluation of fibroids, knowledge about treatment options, and overall experience.

RESULTS: A total of 102 patients completed the survey (response rate 77%). A majority (55.9%) had known about their fibroids for at least two years. Most patients sought out the fibroid program for a 2nd (28.4%), 3rd (22.5%) or 4th (7.8%) opinion. Notably, 35.3% of patients who had previously been seen by an obstetrician-gynecologist (OB/GYN) were not offered any treatment. Of those who had been offered treatment, 24.5% were counseled on medical management with oral contraceptives, 28.4% on surgical options and 5.9% on uterine artery embolization. Nearly all patients (86.3%) endorsed that they would not have sought two separate consultations had it not been for the program. Patients were overall well-informed after their experience, with 95.1% reporting they were more knowledgeable about their options and none reporting the two separate consults created more confusion for them.

CONCLUSION: Many patients with symptomatic fibroids seeking secondary opinions have not been adequately counseled on fibroid management options. A collaborative approach to fibroid management better educates patients, provides an opportunity to be thoroughly counseled by the specialists performing either surgical or interventional procedures, and increases patient knowledge about fibroid treatment options.

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