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Comparing Rates of Radiographic Baseplate Loosening Between Cement and Cementless INFINITY Total Ankle Prostheses.

INTRODUCTION: Total ankle replacement is indicated for end-stage ankle osteoarthritis. Periprosthetic radiolucency, from separation between the bone and implant, is suggested to be indicative of potential prosthesis failure risk. Anchoring implants with cement may mitigate this. This study aimed to compare rates of periprosthetic radiolucency between patients with cement-affixed and cementless implants.

METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on 28 patients who underwent total ankle replacement with the INFINITY Total Ankle System (Wright Medical, Memphis, Tennessee) implant between January 2016 and May 2022. Anteroposterior, mortise, and lateral ankle X-rays were reviewed by 2 independent reviewers for tibiotalar angle, talar tilt, and periprosthetic radiolucency. The Wilcoxon rank-sum test and chi-square test were performed.

RESULTS: The incidence of periprosthetic radiolucency at the most recent follow-up did not significantly differ between cement and cementless groups (57.1% in both groups, P = 1.0). Follow-up tibiotalar and talar tilt angles were not significantly different (P > .51 for all comparisons).

CONCLUSIONS: Patients with cemented implants had a similar incidence of periprosthetic radiolucency compared with patients with cementless prostheses. Understanding of long-term clinical outcomes will help inform optimal operative approaches for ankle prostheses.

LEVELS OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic, Level III, Retrospective cohort study.

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