Comparative Study
Journal Article
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Evaluating Streptococcus mutans Colonization on 3D-Printed, Milled, and Conventional Acrylic Resin Materials: An In Vitro Study.

Pediatric Dentistry 2024 March 16
Purpose: To compare surface roughness and bacterial colonization of Streptococcus mutans to 3D printed (3DP), milled (M), and conventional (CV) acrylic resin. Methods: Thirty-six discs (n equals 12 per group) were fabricated from 3DP, M, and CV materials. One surface of sample was polished (Po); the opposite surface was left unpolished (UPo). Surface roughness (μm) was assessed using a contact profilometer. The specimens were placed in S. mutans suspension and incubated at 37 degrees Celsius overnight. The attached colonies were separated using a sonicator, and the resulting solution was diluted to 10-3 to assess colony-forming units per milliliter (CFU/ml) after 48 hours. The colonies were categorized into a quantitative S. mutans (QS) index. Data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA, chi-squares, and multivariate analysis of variance analysis with the least significant difference (LSD) post-hoc test (P<0.05). Results: Roughness average (Ra) values of CV were higher than 3DP and M for UPo surfaces (P<0.001; 3DP=0.10; M=0.13; CV=0.26 μm, respectively). For Po and UPo surfaces, the CV harbored more S. mutans colonies than M and 3DP (P<0.001; 3DP=5.2x10 6 ; M=4.7x10 6 ; CV=1.49x10 7 CFU/ml, respectively). M group had the lowest range of QS scores, while CV had the highest range (P<0.001). Conclusions: Digitally manufactured material provides smoother surfaces than the conventional group, resulting in fewer Streptococcus mutans colonies. However, all the material groups must still be adequately polished to prevent the colonization of S. mutans, regardless of the manufacturing methods, as higher S. mutans counts were observed with an increase in surface roughness values.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app