Journal Article
Meta-Analysis
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Effectiveness and safety of rivaroxaban for anticoagulation therapy in COVID-19: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of rivaroxaban anticoagulation in COVID-19 patients.

METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library electronic databases, and ClinicalTrials.gov were searched to identify all relevant randomized controlled trial studies from December 2019 to July 2023.

RESULTS: A total of 6 randomized controlled trials, which included a total of 3323 patients, were considered for evaluation. Overall, short-term all-cause mortality and hospitalization rates were not significantly different between the rivaroxaban and control groups. Thrombotic events were significantly reduced in the rivaroxaban prophylaxis group compared to the placebo control group. However, the reduction in thrombotic events was not significantly different between rivaroxaban therapy and heparin or low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH). Rivaroxaban prophylaxis and the therapeutic dose may be associated with a higher rate of overall bleeding rate, but major bleeding rates did not differ substantially.

CONCLUSION: Rivaroxaban may reduce thrombotic events in COVID-19 patients, but it does not appear to have an advantage over heparin or LMWH, and it may increase the risk of bleeding. INPLASY Reg. No.: INPLASY 202370097 .

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