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Influence of Vitreous Cortex Remnants on Normal Retinal Anatomy in Eyes with Primary Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment.

Ophthalmology Retina 2024 April 24
PURPOSE: To investigate the influence of vitreous cortex remnants (VCRs) removal on normal retinal anatomy in eyes with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD).

DESIGN: Prospective cohort study.

SUBJECTS: Patients with primary RRD operated with pars plana vitrectomy (PPV).

METHODS: Blue fundus autofluorescence and spectral-domain OCT were obtained preoperatively, and at 1 and 6 months after operation.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary outcomes: rate of retinal displacement and outer retinal folds (ORFs) at 1 month after operation.

SECONDARY OUTCOMES: continuity of the external limiting membrane (ELM) and ellipsoid zone (EZ), and the logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (logMAR) best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) at 6 months after operation.

RESULTS: One hundred three eyes were included. Intraoperatively, peripheral VCRs (pVCRs) were found in 42 eyes (40.8%) and successfully peeled off from ≥2 quadrants in 37 eyes. Macular VCRs (mVCRs) were detected in 37 (35.9%) and successfully peeled off in 29 eyes. At the end of operation 44.7% and 55.3% of the eyes were tamponaded with 20% sulfur hexafluoride gas and silicone oil 1000 centistokes, respectively. The only variable significantly associated with displacement was the use of gas tamponade versus silicone oil (P = 0.001), whereas no significant association was found between retinal displacement and pVCRs (P = 0.58) or number of quadrants from which pVCRs were peeled off (P = 0.39). At 1 month postoperatively, ORFs were globally detected in 24 eyes (23.3%). Regression analysis showed a direct correlation between ORFs and the intraoperative detection of mVCRs (P = 0.02) and an indirect correlation between ORFs and mVCRs peeling (P = 0.004). Macular VCRs peeling did not influence the continuity of ELM and EZ at the 6-month follow-up (FU). Intraoperative absence of mVCRs (P = 0.0016) and peeling of mVCRs (P = 0.003) were associated with logMAR BCVA ≤0.3 at the 6-month FU.

CONCLUSIONS: Peeling of pVCRs did not seem to influence the rate of retinal displacement, whereas peeling of mVCRs was associated with a reduced risk of developing ORFs without detrimental effect on the continuity of ELM/EZ at 6-month FU. The patients without mVCRs detected intraoperatively, or who underwent mVCRs peeling during operation, showed a significantly better visual acuity at the 6-month FU.

FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE(S): The authors have no proprietary or commercial interest in any materials discussed in this article.

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