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Five-Year Experience of Interwoven Self-Expanding Stent Implantation in Stenotic Kinking of Below the Knee Prosthetic Bypasses.

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the 5-year real-world results of Supera stent implantation in below the knee prosthetic bypasses (BKPBs). All the procedures were performed because of a history of recurrent thrombosis of the graft and significant stenotic kinking of the prosthesis during knee flexion. A Supera stent was implanted to prevent the next potential BKPB thrombosis.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fourteen patients were included in this single-center, retrospective observational cohort study. All patients underwent Supera stent implantation in infrainguinal prosthetic bypass between 2012 and 2017, due to a history of recurrent thrombosis and kinking of the prosthetic bypass.

RESULTS: Prior to Supera stent implantation procedure, all the patients had more than one episode of acute limb ischemia caused by thrombosis of the BKPB. The median number of BKPB thromboses prior to Supera stent implantation was 3 and ranged from 2 to 6. Technical success was achieved in all cases. Primary patency rates at 12, 24, 36 and 60 months were 71.4%, 57.1%, 57.1% and 14.3%, respectively. Secondary patency rates at 12, 24, 36 and 60 months were 78.6%, 64.3%, 64.3% and 35.7%, respectively. One stent fracture was reported during 60-month follow-up. Major amputation was performed in 6 patients in 5-year follow-up.

CONCLUSION: Supera stent in treatment of recurrent thrombosis of BKBP is a safe procedure with acceptable mid-term results. However, larger and comparable prospective studies are needed for broader analysis of this procedure.

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