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Cytomegalovirus infection during daratumumab therapy in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma.

The introduction of daratumumab has improved treatment outcomes for multiple myeloma (MM). However, infectious complications are a concern in patients receiving daratumumab. Although some reports have explored the association between daratumumab and cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection, most of these have focused on relapsed or refractory cases, and few describe patients with newly diagnosed MM (NDMM). In this study, we retrospectively analyzed CMV infections in 53 patients with NDMM who received daratumumab as induction therapy. CMV infection was defined as CMV antigenemia positivity. The median age at treatment initiation was 71 years (range, 50-82 years), and 50.9% of the patients were female. The median duration of daratumumab administration was 10.0 months (range, 0.3-63.8 months). Nine patients developed CMV infection, and the cumulative incidence rate at six months was 18.1% (95% confidence interval: 8.9-30.1%). One patient experienced CMV retinitis and required antiviral therapy, while the remaining eight patients did not require treatment and could be managed through observation. Few cases of CMV infection during daratumumab treatment for NDMM required treatment. However, the incidence of CMV infection was not negligible, suggesting that regular monitoring for CMV is worth considering to ensure more appropriate management during daratumumab treatment.

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