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Prognostic value of triglyceride-glucose index for left ventricular remodeling in nondiabetic ST-elevation myocardial infarction patients.

Background: The triglyceride-glucose (TyG) index is a marker of insulin resistance and is associated with cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Left ventricular remodeling (LVR) after myocardial infarction (STEMI) is associated with poor prognosis. Methods: This retrospective study included 293 STEMI patients. Echocardiography was performed before discharge and 3 months after MI. Results: Compared with the non-LVR group, TyG index value was found to be higher in the LVR group (p < 0.001). Logistic regression analysis showed that higher maximal troponin I value, higher calculated TyG index value, higher N-terminal prohormone of brain natriuretic peptide level and the presence of anterior MI were independently associated with the development of LVR. Conclusion: A high TyG index level may contribute to the prediction of LVR in nondiabetic STEMI patients undergoing successful primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

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