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Hypertension Severity and Declines in Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction Among Women Receiving Adjuvant Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer (WF-97415 UPBEAT).

Hypertension 2024 April 19
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a risk factor for experiencing left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) declines during receipt of potentially cardiotoxic breast cancer (BC) treatment. We sought to determine whether the hypertension stage is associated with LVEF decline during BC treatment.

METHODS: Across 24 centers, cardiac magnetic resonance measures of LVEF and brachial arterial blood pressure (BP) measurements were performed in women with stages I to III BC before and 3 months after initiating potentially cardiotoxic chemotherapy. Using multivariable analysis, we assessed in a blinded fashion the association between 3-month ΔLVEF and precancer treatment American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology stages of hypertension.

RESULTS: Among 204 women, age averaged 56±1 years with 75% being White and 20% of Black race. Participants received anthracycline (45.6%), trastuzumab (22.5%), cyclophosphamide (52.9%), or paclitaxel (50%). After accounting for pretreatment LVEF, diabetes status, tobacco use, age, the number of antihypertensive medications, and body mass index, those with stage II hypertension experienced an LVEF decline of -2.89% ([95% CI, -0.69% to -5.19%]; P =0.01) relative to individuals with normal BP. Other stages saw nonsignificant declines relative to normal BP to elevated BP (-1.63% [95% CI, -0.62% to 3.88%]; P =0.16) and stage I hypertension (-0.94% [95% CI, -0.90% to 2.78%]; P =0.32).

CONCLUSIONS: Compared with women receiving treatment for BC with normal BP, there is a stronger association of decline in LVEF in women with stage II hypertension relative to women with other hypertension stages. This raises the possibility that stage along with hypertension presence may be associated with an increased risk for the LVEF decline among women receiving potentially cardiotoxic chemotherapy for BC.

REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT02791581 and NCT01719562.

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