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Radiation dose reduction of 50% in dynamic myocardial CT perfusion with skipped beat acquisition: a retrospective study.

Acta Radiologica 2024 April 18
BACKGROUND: Dynamic myocardial computed tomography perfusion (CTP) is a novel imaging technique that increases the applicability of CT for cardiac imaging; however, the scanning requires a substantial radiation dose.

PURPOSE: To investigate the feasibility of dose reduction in dynamic CTP by comparing all-heartbeat acquisitions to periodic skipping of heartbeats.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrieved imaging data of 38 dynamic CTP patients and created new datasets with every fourth, third or second beat (Skip1:4, Skip1:3, Skip1:2, respectively) removed. Seven observers evaluated the resulting images and perfusion maps for perfusion deficits. The mean blood flow (MBF) in each of the 16 myocardial segments was compared per skipped-beat level, normalized by the respective MBF for the full dose, and averaged across patients. The number of segments/cases whose MBF was <1.0 mL/g/min were counted.

RESULTS: Out of 608 segments in 38 cases, the total additional number of false-negative (FN) segments over those present in the full-dose acquisitions and the number of additional false-positive cases were shown as acquisition (segment [%], case): Skip1:4: 7 (1.2%, 1); Skip1:3: 12 (2%, 3), and Skip1:2: 5 (0.8%, 2). The variability in quantitative MBF analysis in the repeated analysis for the reference condition resulted in 8 (1.3%) additional FN segments. The normalized results show a comparable MBF across all segments and patients, with relative mean MBFs as 1.02 ± 0.16, 1.03 ± 0.25, and 1.06 ± 0.30 for the Skip1:4, Skip1:3, and Skip1:2 protocols, respectively.

CONCLUSION: Skipping every second beat acquisition during dynamic myocardial CTP appears feasible and may result in a radiation dose reduction of 50%. Diagnostic performance does not decrease after removing 50% of time points in dynamic sequence.

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