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Genital Surgery Outcomes Using an Individualized Algorithm for Hormone Management in Transfeminine Individuals.

CONTEXT: Transgender and gender diverse (TGD) individuals have greater access to genital surgery (GS) with improved insurance coverage and access to trained surgeons and interdisciplinary gender affirming providers.

OBJECTIVE: To determine perioperative medical and behavioral health outcomes in transfeminine (TF) individuals undergoing GS with use of a specific gender-affirming hormone therapy (GAHT) algorithm based on individualized risk factor assessment.

DESIGN: Retrospective observational cohort study from 2017-2022. Pre- and post-operative data collected included clinical and biochemical assessment, GAHT regimens, validated behavioral health measures, and post-operative complications.

SETTING: Single-center tertiary referral center.

PATIENTS: 183 TF individuals, grouped into estradiol continued (Group 1) vs estradiol temporarily discontinued for 2-6 weeks preoperatively (Group 2).

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Venous thromboembolism (VTE) incidence, non-VTE postoperative complication incidence, and change in behavioral health assessments.

RESULTS: The majority of individuals continued estradiol perioperatively [Group 1; 138 (75.4%)]. Individuals who temporarily held estradiol preoperatively [Group 2; 45 (24.6%)] were statistically older (p < 0.01), had higher incidence of cardiometabolic comorbidities (p < 0.01), and higher Caprini scores (p < 0.01). Group 1 was statistically more likely to use oral estradiol (p < 0.01). One episode (0.05%) of VTE occurred (Group 1). There was no significant difference in postoperative complications or behavioral health measures between groups.

CONCLUSION: An individualized algorithm for preoperative hormone management for TF GS resulted in perioperative continuation of GAHT for the majority of individuals without significantly increasing the risk for post-operative surgical complications while maintaining stable behavioral health measures perioperatively.

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