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Network Pharmacology Combined with Molecular Docking Approach to Investigate the Mechanism of ChuShiWeiLing Decoction Against Perianal Eczema.

BACKGROUND: ChuShiWeiLing Decoction (CSWLD) is a famous classical Chinese prescription for the treatment of eczema with desirable effect in clinical practice. It has gradually exerted good curative effects on perianal eczema (PE) in recent years, but its specific mechanism is not elucidated yet.

OBJECTIVE: This research explores the underlying pharmacological mechanism of CSWLD in addressing PE through network pharmacology combined with molecular docking strategy.

METHODS: The key chemical compounds and potential target genes of CSWLD were screened by bioinformatics. The major targets of CSWLD were discovered using network modules. Functional annotation of Gene Ontology (GO) was undertaken, as well as pathway enrichment analysis using the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG). Molecular docking of core protein-ligand interactions was modeled using AutoDock software. Pymol software was used to perform a molecular dynamics simulation for the ideal core protein-ligand that was discovered by molecular docking.

RESULTS: A total of 2,853 active compounds and 922 targets of CSWLD were collected. The target with a higher degree was identified through the PPI network, namely TNF, IL6, ALB, STAT3, EGFR, TLR4, CXCL8 and PTPRC. GO and KEGG analyses suggested that CSWLD treatment of PE mainly involves cellular activation, activation of leukocytes, and adhesion among leukocytes. The molecular docking results showed that wogonin, hederagenin and quercetin of CSWLD could bind to IL-6 and TNF, respectively.

CONCLUSION: Our results indicated that the bioactives, potential targets, and molecular mechanism of CSWLD against PE.

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