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Predicting abiraterone efficacy in advanced prostate cancer: Insights from marker of proliferation Ki67.

Prostate 2024 April 18
BACKGROUND: KI67 is a well-known biomarker reflecting cell proliferation. We aim to elucidate the predictive role of KI67 in the efficacy of abiraterone for patients with advanced prostate cancer (PCa).

METHODS: Clinicopathological data of 152 men with metastatic PCa, who received abiraterone therapy were retrospectively collected. The KI67 positivity was examined by immunohistochemistry using the prostate biopsy specimen. The predictive value of KI67 on the therapeutic efficacy of abiraterone was explored using Kaplan-Meier curve and Cox regression analysis. The endpoints included prostate-specific antigen (PSA) progression-free survival (PSA-PFS), radiographic PFS (rPFS), and overall survival (OS).

RESULTS: In total, 85/152 (55.9%) and 67/152 (44.1%) cases, respectively, received abiraterone at metastatic hormone-sensitive (mHSPC) and castration-resistant PCa (mCRPC) stage. The median KI67 positivity was 20% (interquartile range: 10%-30%). Overall, KI67 rate was not correlated with PSA response. Notably, an elevated KI67-positive rate strongly correlated with unfavorable abiraterone efficacy, with KI67 ≥ 30% and KI67 ≥ 20% identified as the optimal cutoffs for prognosis differentiation in mHSPC (median PSA-PFS: 11.43 Mo vs. 26.43 Mo, p < 0.001; median rPFS: 16.63 Mo vs. 31.90 Mo, p = 0.003; median OS: 21.77 Mo vs. not reach, p = 0.005) and mCRPC (median PSA-PFS: 7.17 Mo vs. 12.20 Mo, p = 0.029; median rPFS: 11.67 Mo vs. 16.47 Mo, p = 0.012; median OS: 21.67 Mo vs. not reach, p = 0.073) patients, respectively. Multivariate analysis supported the independent predictive value of KI67 on abiraterone efficacy. In subgroup analysis, an elevated KI67 expression was consistently associated with unfavorable outcomes in the majority of subgroups. Furthermore, data from another cohort of 79 PCa patients with RNA information showed that those with KI67 RNA levels above the median had a significantly shorter OS than those below the median (17.71 vs. 30.72 Mo, p = 0.035).

CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights KI67 positivity in prostate biopsy as a strong predictor of abiraterone efficacy in advanced PCa. These insights will assist clinicians in anticipating clinical outcomes and refining treatment decisions for PCa patients.

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