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Beyond medical knowledge: a didactic curriculum focused on knowledge, wisdom, and application.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether a flipped classroom curriculum coupled with case-based learning would improve residents' perceptions of the learning environment, improve education outcomes, and increase faculty engagement. Research suggests that active learning yields better educational results compared with passive learning. However, faculty are more comfortable providing lectures that require only passive participation from learners.

METHODS: A council was created to identify issues with the current format of the resident didactic curriculum and to redesign the neurosurgical curriculum and conference per Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) requirements. Trends from the authors' 2022 and 2023 ACGME Resident Surveys were tracked to assess changes in the organizational learning environment. Surveys of resident participants were conducted to assess learner satisfaction.

RESULTS: Between July 2022 and June 2023, the authors gathered 127 survey responses from neurosurgical residents. The majority of respondents, comprising 50.4% (n = 64), were postgraduate year (PGY)-4 and PGY-5 residents. Sixty-six percent (n = 84) reported that the new format ranked within the top third of sessions they had experienced. On analysis of trends from these 2022 and 2023 ACGME Resident Surveys, the authors observed a positive trajectory in various key components. Notably, there was an upward trend in achieving an appropriate balance between service and education, in the availability of protected time for structured learning, faculty engagement and interest in education, and amount of clinical and didactic teaching.

CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest that this innovative educational model can have a positive impact on residents' perceptions of the learning environment, their educational outcomes, and faculty engagement. As residency education continues to evolve, the flipped classroom model offers an exciting avenue for enhancing the quality of residency education.

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