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Bilateral spheno-orbital meningiomas: surgical management, progression, and recurrence.

OBJECTIVE: Bilateral spheno-orbital meningiomas (bSOMs) are a rare entity among meningiomas. These tumors are benign and predominantly affect women. They represent 4% of spheno-orbital meningiomas (SOMs) and are poorly described in the literature. This study aimed to describe the characteristics, risk factors, evolution, and management of bSOMs.

METHODS: Twenty patients with bSOMs were enrolled in a multicentric descriptive study including 15 neurosurgical departments.

RESULTS: In this study, the authors found that bSOMs affected exclusively women, with a mean age of 50 years. Approximately 65% of patients were on progestin therapy. The mean follow-up in this series was 55 months. Clinically, visual symptoms were predominant: proptosis was present in 17 of 20 patients (85%; 7 unilateral, 10 bilateral), and a decrease in visual acuity was observed in 11 of 20 patients (55%; 6/10 to 9/10 in 6 patients, 3/10 to 5/10 in 1 patient, and < 3/10 in 4 patients). Contrary to unilateral SOMs, the authors identified that intracranial hypertension was a common presentation (25%) of bSOMs. Surgical management with gross-total resection was the gold standard treatment. Recurrences only occurred following subtotal resection in 36% to 60% of patients, with a median time of 50 to 54 months after surgery. Visual improvement or stability was observed in 75% of cases postoperatively. Progesterone receptor expression levels were 70% to 100% in 10 of 11 (91%) cases.

CONCLUSIONS: Bilateral SOMs are usually found in female patients and are strongly associated with hormone replacement therapy. Early surgical management with gross-total resection is the most effective treatment in terms of recurrence and improves visual acuity. Given the slow progressive nature of bSOMs and their time to recurrence, which can be up to 10 years, long-term follow-up of patients is essential.

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