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Cardiac MRI-Enriched Phenomapping Classification and Differential Treatment Outcomes in Patients With Ischemic Cardiomyopathy.

BACKGROUND: Significant controversy continues to confound patient selection and referral for revascularization and mitral valve intervention in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM). Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) enables comprehensive phenotyping with gold-standard tissue characterization and volumetric/functional measures. Therefore, we sought to determine the impact of CMR-enriched phenomapping patients with ICM to identify differential outcomes following surgical revascularization and surgical mitral valve intervention (sMVi).

METHODS: Consecutive patients with ICM referred for CMR between 2002 and 2017 were evaluated. Latent class analysis was performed to identify phenotypes enriched by comprehensive CMR assessment. The primary end point was death, heart transplant, or left ventricular assist device implantation. A multivariable Cox survival model was developed to determine the association of phenogroups with overall survival. Subgroup analysis was performed to assess the presence of differential response to post-magnetic resonance imaging procedural interventions.

RESULTS: A total of 787 patients were evaluated (63.0±11.2 years, 24.8% women), with 464 primary events. Subsequent surgical revascularization and sMVi occurred in 380 (48.3%) and 157 (19.9%) patients, respectively. Latent class analysis identified 3 distinct clusters of patients, which demonstrated significant differences in overall outcome ( P <0.001). Latent class analysis identified differential survival benefit of revascularization in patients as well as patients who underwent revascularization with sMVi, based on phenogroup classification, with phenogroup 3 deriving the most survival benefit from revascularization and revascularization with sMVi (hazard ratio, 0.61 [0.43-0.88]; P =0.0081).

CONCLUSIONS: CMR-enriched unsupervised phenomapping identified distinct phenogroups, which were associated with significant differential survival benefit following surgical revascularization and sMVi in patients with ICM. Phenomapping provides a novel approach for patient selection, which may enable personalized therapeutic decision-making for patients with ICM.

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