Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Changing Landscape of Antimicrobial Resistance in Neonatal Sepsis: An in silico Analyses of Multidrug Resistance in Klebsiella pneumoniae.

BACKGROUND: Neonatal sepsis poses a critical healthcare concern, as multidrug-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae) infections are on the rise. Understanding the antimicrobial susceptibility patterns and underlying resistance mechanism is crucial for effective treatment.

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to comprehensively investigate the antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of K. pneumoniae strains responsible for neonatal sepsis using in silico tools. We sought to identify trends and explore reasons for varying resistance levels, particularly for β-lactams and fluoroquinolone.

METHODS: K. pneumoniae isolated from neonates at Kanchi Kamakoti CHILDS Trust Hospital (2017-2020) were analyzed for antimicrobial resistance. Elevated resistance to β-lactam and fluoroquinolone antibiotics was further investigated through molecular docking and interaction analysis. β-lactam affinity with penicillin-binding proteins and β-lactamases was examined. Mutations in ParC and GyrA responsible for quinolone resistance were introduced to investigate ciprofloxacin interactions.

RESULTS: Of 111 K. pneumoniae blood sepsis isolates in neonates, high resistance was detected to β-lactams such as cefixime (85.91%, n = 71), ceftriaxone (84.9%, n = 106), cefotaxime (84.9%, n = 82) and fluoroquinolone (ciprofloxacin- 79.44%, n = 107). Molecular docking revealed low β-lactam binding toward penicillin-binding proteins and higher affinities for β-lactamases, attributing to the reduced β-lactam efficiency. Additionally, ciprofloxacin showed decreased affinity toward mutant ParC and GyrA in comparison to their corresponding wild-type proteins.

CONCLUSION: Our study elucidates altered resistance profiles in neonatal sepsis caused by K. pneumoniae, highlighting mechanisms of β-lactam and fluoroquinolone resistance. It underscores the urgent need for the development of sustainable therapeutic alternatives to address the rising antimicrobial resistance in neonatal sepsis.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app