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Leukocytoclastic vasculitis in a patient with ankylosing spondylitis: A case report.

KEY CLINICAL MESSAGE: Although the concurrent occurrence of vasculitis with AS is uncommon, when patients diagnosed with AS exhibit symptoms including skin petechiae, purpura, abdominal discomfort, malaise, elevated ESR, and reduced complement levels, vigilant monitoring for vasculitis is advisable following the exclusion of secondary vasculitis triggers such as malignancies, infections, and pharmaceutical agents.

ABSTRACT: The primary characteristic of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) involves inflammation occurring within the sacroiliac joint and the spine, leading to destruction and eventual ankylosis. A notably infrequent complication associated with AS is vasculitis, with limited reports linking AS to vasculitis. This case study documents a 48-year-old male, diagnosed with HLA-B27-positive AS for the past 15 years, who developed abdominal pain and skin lesions following the cessation of his medication on his own. Subsequent clinical evaluations identified leukocytoclastic vasculitis (LCV) related to AS after excluding all other potential causes of LCV, including drug-related sources, cancer, hepatitis B and C viruses, Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP), and IgA nephropathy.

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