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Higher Mortality in Patients With Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma Pre-Existing Arterial Hypertension-Real World Data of the Polish Lymphoma Research Group.

BACKGROUND: Arterial hypertension is mentioned as a risk factor in Cardio-oncology. This study aimed to assess the long-term prognostic value of arterial hypertension (AH) in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).

METHODS: We analysed data collected by the Polish Lymphoma Research Group for the evaluation of the outcomes associated with the use of first-line rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone therapy in patients with DLBCL with coexisting AH. Patients with other cardiovascular comorbidities or premature chemotherapy discontinuation due to cardiovascular toxicity were excluded.

RESULTS: Pre-existing AH was diagnosed in 65 of 232 patients with DLBCL (28%) included in the study, and was associated with significantly shorter overall survival values (p<0.00001). The rates of DLBCL recurrence, administration of second-, third-, or fourth-line chemotherapy, and lymphoma-related deaths were similar in patients with and those without AH. Cardiovascular deaths were significantly more frequently observed in patients with pre-existing AH (38.5% vs 3.6%, p<0.0001). In the univariate analysis, AH (p=0.000001), older age (p<0.000001), and diabetes (p=0.0065) were identified as significant predictors of all-cause mortality; however, cardiovascular mortality was associated with AH (p<0.000001), older age (p=0.000008), and dyslipidaemia (p=0.03). Multivariate analysis revealed AH as an age-independent significant predictor of all-cause (p=0.00045) and cardiovascular mortality (p<0.000001).

CONCLUSION: In the long-term follow-up of patients with DLBCL, the role of AH, as an important age-independent predictor of premature cardiovascular mortality, was so strong that it may have value for use in close surveillance in cardio-oncology clinics.

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