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TERT RNAscope analysis of sub-centimetric papillary thyroid carcinomas and synchronous lymph node metastases.

Thyroid Research 2024 April 16
BACKGROUND: Sub-centrimetric papillary thyroid carcinomas usually have a good prognosis with a cancer specific survival of > 99%, however in up to 65% of patients, lymph node metastases can be observed. Molecular alterations in BRAF, TERT and TP53 are associated with worse clinicopathological outcome in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-two cases of papillary thyroid carcinomas measuring ≤ 1 cm with synchronous lymph node metastases were examined regarding morphological patterns and immunohistochemical status of p53, Ki-67, and BRAF V600E status. TERT RNA expression in lymph node metastases were evaluated by RNAScope®.

RESULTS: Morphological patterns were heterogeneous in both primary tumors and lymph node metastases. Proliferation indices measured by Ki-67 were low. Both primary and lymph node metastases were wild type for p53 by immunohistochemical analysis. No lymph node metastasis showed TERT expression by RNAScope®.

CONCLUSIONS: Our data indicate that TERT expression is not involved in the development early lymph node metastasis in patients with sub-centimetric PTC.

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