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8-Iso-prostaglandin F2α as a biomarker of T2-low airway inflammation and remodeling in adult asthma.

BACKGROUND: Although 8-iso-prostaglandin F2a has been proposed as a potential biomarker for oxidative stress in airway diseases, its specific role in asthma remains poorly understood.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic potential of 8-iso-prostaglandin F2a in assessing airway inflammation, airway remodeling, airway hyperresponsiveness, and oxidative stress in asthma.

METHODS: Blood and urine concentrations of 8-iso-prostaglandin F2a were quantified using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry in 128 adults with asthma who had maintained anti-asthmatic medications. Their correlations with clinical data, sputum cell counts, lung function parameters, and serum markers of epithelial/neutrophil activity and airway remodeling were then analyzed.

RESULTS: The urinary 8-iso-prostaglandin F2a concentrations were significantly higher in patients with non-eosinophilic asthma than in those with eosinophilic asthma (P < .05). The area under the curve was 0.678, indicating moderate diagnostic accuracy for non-eosinophilic asthma. There were significant correlations with neutrophilic inflammation markers and airway remodeling markers (all P < .05). Negative correlations were observed with forced expiratory volume in 1 s (%), forced expiratory volume in 1 s/forced vital capacity, and forced expiratory flow at 25-75% of forced vital capacity, and serum club cell protein 16 levels (all P < .05). High 8-iso-prostaglandin F2a concentrations were also noted in obese and smoking subgroups (all P < .05). However, the serum 8-iso-prostaglandin F2a concentrations were not correlated with these asthma-related parameters.

CONCLUSION: Urinary 8-iso-prostaglandin F2a concentrations are a potential biomarker for phenotyping severe asthma, particularly non-eosinophilic asthma, offering oxidative stress-induced epithelial inflammation/remodeling as an additional target in asthma management.

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