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The key role of altered tubule cell lipid metabolism in kidney disease development.

Kidney International 2024 April 12
Kidney epithelial cells have very high energy requirements, which are largely met by fatty acid oxidation. Complex changes in lipid metabolism are observed in patients with kidney disease. Defects in fatty acid oxidation and increased lipid uptake, especially in the context of hyperlipidemia and proteinuria, contribute to this excess lipid build-up and exacerbate kidney disease development. Recent studies have also highlighted the role of increased de novo lipogenesis in kidney fibrosis. The defect in fatty acid oxidation will cause energy starvation. Increased lipid uptake, synthesis and lower fatty acid oxidation can cause toxic lipid build-up, reactive oxygen species generation, and mitochondrial damage. Better understanding of these metabolic processes may open new treatment avenues for kidney diseases by targeting lipid metabolism.

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