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Modification of the phenyl ring B of phenyl 4-(2-oxoimidazolidin-1-yl)benzenesulfonates by pyridinyl moiety leads to novel antimitotics targeting the colchicine-binding site.

A series of 8 novel pyridinyl 4-(2-oxoimidazolidin-1-yl)benzenesulfonates (PYRIB-SOs) were designed, prepared and evaluated for their mechanism of action. PYRIB-SOs were found to have antiproliferative activity in the nanomolar to submicromolar range on several breast cancer cell lines. Moreover, subsequent biofunctional assays indicated that the most potent PYRIB-SOs 1-3 act as antimitotics binding to the colchicine-binding site (C-BS) of α, β-tubulin and that they arrest the cell cycle progression in the G2/M phase. Microtubule immunofluorescence and tubulin polymerisation assay confirm that they disrupt the cytoskeleton through inhibition of tubulin polymerisation as observed with microtubule-destabilising agents. They also show good overall theoretical physicochemical, pharmacokinetic and druglike properties. Overall, these results show that PYRIB-SOs is a new family of promising antimitotics to be further studied in vivo for biopharmaceutical and pharmacodynamic evaluations.

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