Compression volume during mechanical ventilation: comparison of ventilators and tubing circuits

L P Bartel, J R Bazik, D J Powner
Critical Care Medicine 1985, 13 (10): 851-4
Four ventilators (Puritan-Bennett MA-1 and MA-2, Emerson, and Bear I) and four commercially available disposable and nondisposable tubing circuits (Bennett nondisposable, Becton-Dickinson, Inspiron, and Life-line) were tested on a lung analog for differences in inspiratory-circuit compression volume. The compression ratio (Rc), equal to the gas volume compressed per cm H2O peak airway pressure, was calculated for each combination of ventilator and circuit at each of four compliance settings (0.15, 0.10, 0.05, 0.01 L/cm H2O) on the analog. Rc values ranged from 0.3 to 4.5 ml/cm H2O at the highest and lowest compliance settings, respectively, accounting for a reduction in delivered tidal volume of up to 20%. The Emerson ventilator with all tubing systems and the Bennett nondisposable circuit with each ventilator demonstrated slightly smaller compression volumes. Application of an inspiratory pause on the Bear I ventilator did not affect its compression characteristics. The clinical importance of compression volume and data from other ventilation systems are reviewed.

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