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ASSESSMENT OF OSTEOPONTIN, SCLEROSTIN, AND OSTEOCALCIN LEVELS IN PATIENTS WITH HYPOTHYROIDISM ON MEDICAL THERAPY.

Georgian Medical News 2024 Februrary
Thyroid hormones are critical regulators of bone maintenance in adulthood and play an important part in the development of bones. They also play a function in the formation of bones. Childhood hypothyroidism leads to delayed skeletal development, limited linear growth, and impaired bone mineral accumulation. This research aims to assess the serum concentration of sclerostin, osteocalcin, and osteopontin in women diagnosed with hypothyroidism. Additionally, it seeks to examine the impact of medical treatment on the levels of sclerostin, osteocalcin, and osteopontin in individuals with hypothyroidism. This research examined a total of 180 women, divided into three groups: 70 women before treatment, 70 women after treatment, and 40 control subjects. The age range of the participants was between 15 and 54 years. The participants in this research are categorized into three distinct groups: The first cohort consisted of 70 women diagnosed with hypothyroidism, as confirmed by medical professionals. The second group consisted of 70 women who had undergone treatment for hypothyroidism. The research included a control group consisting of healthy women with no family history of thyroid illness. These women were in good health and their ages were similar to those of the women with hypothyroidism. According to the presented data show a decrease in the mean of the serum level of sclerostin, and osteocalcin in hypothyroidism women before and after treatment compared with the control group (13.4±4.9 versus 19.8±5.1 and 21.5±5.0), (9.8±4.7 versus 14.35±12.63 and 15.20±14.73), respectively. The result was significant (p<0.01), with no differences in osteopontin levels between study groups. It was concluded that the sclerostin, and osteocalcin decreased in women with hypothyroidism before treatment in comparison with women after treatment and healthy women, while Furthermore no differences in Osteopontin levels between the three groups.

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