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EXPLORING THE INCIDENCE AND PREVALENCE OF NEW-ONSET AUTOIMMUNE DISEASE FOLLOWING COVID-19 PANDEMIC: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW.

Georgian Medical News 2024 Februrary
The correlation between viral infections and the onset of autoimmune conditions has long attracted the scientific community. With the COVID-19 pandemic impacting the world like never before, we have a unique chance to better understand this complex disease and uncover its origin. In light of this, we performed a systematic review of the incidence and prevalence of newly diagnosed autoimmune diseases following the COVID-19 pandemic. We undertook an extensive literature review from 2012 to 2023, by using electronic databases such as Medline, Web of Science, PubMed, Cochrane Library, and supplementary sources like scholarly articles. Our review encompassed various types of studies, including trials, commentaries, and editorials. To evaluate bias, we adopted a recommended approach, employing a two-part tool to scrutinize five distinct domains: selection bias, performance bias, attrition bias, selective reporting, and other biases. In this review, a total of 14 studies were incorporated. On the basis of the findings of the present investigation, the average age of included patients was approximately 56.13 years, and the maximum were male. After the, meticulous examination we stated that there was a significant increase in inflammatory biomarkers, including ferritin, C-reactive protein (CRP), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), D-dimer and Interleukins IL-6. The majority of patients had an elevated level of CRP. We conclude that there is a strong association between COVID-19 and a higher risk of various types of autoimmune diseases. In order to develop effective plans for the current pandemic as well as the post-pandemic period that follows, healthcare providers must recognize these autoimmune manifestations.

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