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Reactive cutaneous capillary endothelial proliferation following camrelizumab monotherapy or combination therapy for multi-cancers: a large-scale pooled analysis of 10 studies in China.

BACKGROUND: Skin toxicities are the most common adverse events related to immunotherapy, such as reactive cutaneous capillary endothelial proliferation (RCCEP) following treatment with the anti-programmed cell death-1 antibody camrelizumab.

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to comprehensively analyze the clinical features and prognostic value of RCCEP in patients with malignancies who received camrelizumab alone (Camre) or in combination with the angiogenesis-targeted agent apatinib (Camre-Apa) or chemotherapy (Camre-Chemo).

DESIGN: A large-scale pooled analysis.

METHODS: Individual patient-level data were derived from 10 clinical trials of camrelizumab monotherapy, camrelizumab plus apatinib, or camrelizumab plus chemotherapy ( n  = 1305).

RESULTS: RCCEP occurred in 77.0% (516/670) of patients with Camre, 23.6% (70/296) with Camre-Apa, and 67.8% (230/339) with Camre-Chemo. Most RCCEP lesions were grade 1 or 2 in severity. The median time to onset was 0.8 months [interquartile range (IQR), 0.6-1.2] with Camre, 5.0 months (IQR, 2.7-8.0) with Camre-Apa, and 1.6 months (IQR, 1.0-4.2) with Camre-Chemo; and the median duration was 4.8 months (IQR, 2.6-8.8), 4.4 months (IQR, 1.7-8.9), and 7.2 months (IQR, 4.1-14.3), respectively. In all the three groups, patients with RCCEP showed significantly better clinical outcomes compared with those without [objective response rate: 23.8% versus 1.9% with Camre, 48.6% versus 21.2% with Camre-Apa, and 78.7% versus 54.1% with Camre-Chemo; median progression-free survival: 3.2 versus 1.7 months (hazard ratio (HR) = 0.36), 10.2 versus 4.5 months (HR = 0.39), and 12.7 versus 7.3 months (HR = 0.38); median overall survival: 13.3 versus 3.8 months (HR = 0.34), 29.2 versus 13.5 months (HR = 0.46), and not reached versus 12.8 months (HR = 0.19); all p  < 0.0001].

CONCLUSION: Although RCCEP occurred frequently with camrelizumab, most lesions were mild and self-limiting. The occurrence of RCCEP was strongly associated with the antitumor activity and survival of camrelizumab, both as monotherapy and in combination therapy.

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