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κB-Ras proteins are fast-exchanging GTPases and function via nucleotide-independent binding of Ral GTPase-activating protein complexes.

FEBS Letters 2024 April 12
κB-Ras (NF-κB inhibitor-interacting Ras-like protein) GTPases are small Ras-like GTPases but harbor interesting differences in important sequence motifs. They act in a tumor-suppressive manner as negative regulators of Ral (Ras-like) GTPase and NF-κB signaling, but little is known about their mode of function. Here, we demonstrate that, in contrast to predictions based on primary structure, κB-Ras GTPases possess hydrolytic activity. Combined with low nucleotide affinity, this renders them fast-cycling GTPases that are predominantly GTP-bound in cells. We characterize the impact of κB-Ras mutations occurring in tumors and demonstrate that nucleotide binding affects κB-Ras stability but is not strictly required for RalGAP (Ral GTPase-activating protein) binding. This demonstrates that κB-Ras control of RalGAP/Ral signaling occurs in a nucleotide-binding- and switch-independent fashion.

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