Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Validation Study
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Plasma chitotriosidase enzyme activity as a novel therapeutic monitor for cysteamine treatment in nephropathic cystinosis: A retrospective validation study.

BACKGROUND: Cystine-depleting therapy in nephropathic cystinosis is currently monitored via the white blood cell cystine assay, although its application and usefulness are limited by practical and technical issues. Therefore, alternative biomarkers that are widely available, more economical and less technically demanding, while reliably reflecting long-term adherence to cysteamine treatment, are desirable. Recently, we proposed chitotriosidase enzyme activity as a potential novel biomarker for the therapeutic monitoring of cysteamine treatment in cystinosis. In this study, we aimed to validate our previous findings and to confirm the value of chitotriosidase in the management of cystinosis therapy.

MATERIALS & METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on 12 patients treated at the National Institutes of Health Clinical Center and followed up for at least 2 years. Plasma chitotriosidase enzyme activity was correlated with corresponding clinical and biochemical data.

RESULTS: Plasma chitotriosidase enzyme activity significantly correlated with WBC cystine levels, cysteamine total daily dosage and a Composite compliance score. Moreover, plasma chitotriosidase was a significant independent predictor for WBC cystine levels, and cut-off values were established in both non-kidney transplanted and kidney transplanted cystinosis patients to distinguish patients with a good versus poor compliance with cysteamine treatment. Our observations are consistent with those of our previous study and validate our findings.

CONCLUSIONS: Chitotriosidase enzyme activity is a valid potential alternative biomarker for monitoring cysteamine treatment in nephropathic cystinosis patients.

SYNOPSIS: Chitotriosidase enzyme activity is a valid potential alternative biomarker for monitoring cysteamine treatment in nephropathic cystinosis patients.

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