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Tracheoesophageal Fistula With Esophageal Atresia: A Case Series.

Tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) with or without esophageal atresia (EA) results from maldevelopment of the trachea and esophagus during maturation of the primitive foregut. EA/TEF commonly presents shortly after birth because of increased oral secretions and the inability to advance a nasogastric or orogastric tube to the proper depth. Given that prenatal diagnosis is uncommon and early intervention is important to reduce morbidity and mortality risk, early recognition and diagnosis are imperative. We present a case series of two neonates diagnosed with EA/TEF, type "C" and type "E," born at low-acuity centers, who required transport to a tertiary center for surgical support. The pathophysiology as well as types of TEFs, symptomology, stabilization goals, corrective treatment, and long-term implications will be examined. Finally, the educational needs of parents and caregivers will be discussed.

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