Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Extrapolation of lung pharmacokinetics of antitubercular drugs from preclinical species to humans using PBPK modelling.

OBJECTIVES: To develop physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) models for widely used anti-TB drugs, namely rifampicin, pyrazinamide, isoniazid, ethambutol and moxifloxacin lung pharmacokinetics (PK)-regarding both healthy and TB-infected tissue (cellular lesion and caseum)-in preclinical species and to extrapolate to humans.

METHODS: Empirical models were used for the plasma PK of each species, which were connected to multicompartment permeability-limited lung models within a middle-out PBPK approach with an appropriate physiological parameterization that was scalable across species. Lung's extracellular water (EW) was assumed to be the linking component between healthy and infected tissue, while passive diffusion was assumed for the drug transferring between cellular lesion and caseum.

RESULTS: In rabbits, optimized unbound fractions in intracellular water of rifampicin, moxifloxacin and ethambutol were 0.015, 0.056 and 0.08, respectively, while the optimized unbound fractions in EW of pyrazinamide and isoniazid in mice were 0.25 and 0.17, respectively. In humans, all mean extrapolated daily AUC and Cmax values of various lung regions were within 2-fold of the observed ones. Unbound concentrations in the caseum were lower than unbound plasma concentrations for both rifampicin and moxifloxacin. For rifampicin, unbound concentrations in cellular rim are slightly lower, while for moxifloxacin they are significantly higher than unbound plasma concentrations.

CONCLUSIONS: The developed PBPK approach was able to extrapolate lung PK from preclinical species to humans and to predict unbound concentrations in the various TB-infected regions, unlike empirical lung models. We found that plasma free drug PK is not always a good surrogate for TB-infected tissue unbound PK.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app