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Exclusive Transcervical Drainage for Posterior Mediastinal Abscess Originating from a Mandibular Molar.

The progression of a cervical abscess toward the mediastinum is rare but remains one of the most serious diseases, even in the era of antibiotics. A mediastinal abscess can originate from an odontogenic infection and presents a challenge for otolaryngologists and craniofacial surgeons, particularly when it spreads caudally to the tracheal bifurcation. For successful treatment of such an abscess, patients are generally referred to a thoracic surgeon for drainage. We present a distinctive case of an odontogenic infection-induced wide mediastinal abscess that could be drained only through cervical manipulation by using a sump-type tube. The patient was discharged on postoperative day 55 without any complications. This is the first report showing that descending mediastinal abscesses extending below the tracheal bifurcation could be drained by head and neck surgeons alone. The technique is easy and hence reproducible, safe, and convenient to perform.

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