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The Association of Behçet's Disease on the Quality of Life for Children and Their Parents.

Modern Rheumatology 2024 April 2
Background and Aim Chronic diseases profoundly impact people's quality of life (QoL). Behçet's Disease (BD) is a multisystemic chronic disease characterized by vasculitis of various vessels. We aimed to assess QoL in pediatric BD patients and their parents. Methods We included pediatric BD patients meeting the pediatric BD classification criteria in a cross-sectional study conducted from June to December 2022. We recorded patients' clinical characteristics and assessed their QoL using PedsQL. Parents' QoL was evaluated using WHOQOL-Bref. Results The study involved 38 patients (60.5% girls, 39.5% boys) with a median age of 15.5 years (10-17) and a disease duration of 2 years (1-4) and their 38 parents. All patients exhibited oral aphthae, and many had other mucocutaneous findings: genital ulcers (78.9%), pseudofolliculitis (76.3%), and erythema nodosum (23.6%). Some patients had uveitis (13.1%), vascular (13.1%), neurological (10.5%), and gastrointestinal (5.2%) involvement. All patients were in remission under treatment during the study. Median PedsQL scores for total, physical health, and psychosocial health were 74.5(40-94.8), 76.5(43-100), and 75(25-92), respectively, with 14 patients scoring below the cut-off value. Girls had lower physical health scores than boys (p=0.004), and a negative correlation emerged between disease duration and PedsQL score (r=0.648, p=0.001). The median WHOQOL score among parents was 50(25-100), with 20 scoring below the cut-off value. Conclusion The QoL was low for one-third of children with pediatric BD and more than half of their parents.Similar to numerous chronic illnesses, factors such as the duration of the disease and gender were associated with the QoL in pediatric BD.

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