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Esophagectomy in the Older Adult: A Systematic Review.

Current management of esophageal carcinoma (EC) involves combining different modalities, offering the opportunity of personalized strategies. This is particularly enticing in the geriatric population, where tailoring treatment modalities remains key to achieve good outcomes in terms of both quality of life and survival. Primary outcomes of our review included (1) evidence on short-term outcomes following esophagectomy, and (2) evidence on long-term outcomes following esophagectomy. Secondary review questions compared outcomes of (1) neoadjuvant treatment versus upfront surgery for locally advanced esophageal carcinoma, (2) endoscopic submucosal dissection versus esophagectomy for early esophageal carcinoma, and (3) definitive radiation with or without chemotherapy versus surgery. Twenty-six articles were included in the review for the main review questions. Our systematic review underscores the need for comprehensive geriatric evaluations to guide decision-making. Despite concerns about perioperative risks, well-selected older patients can derive survival benefits from surgical intervention.

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