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Orthognathic Surgery Trending: Retrospective Ten Years Cases Analysis in Nineveh Province, Iraq.

AIMS: The study aimed at analyzing patient's case sheets in regard to the incidence of skeletal discrepancy present in cases and its relation with the demographic profile of the sample. All these are chronicled for more than 10 years periods.

METHODOLOGY: This is a retrospective study analysis of the orthognathic case sheets for more than 10 years period. The total numbers of patients are 678. Patient's case sheet was already prepared by the Multi-Disciplinary Team Orthognathic Surgery Clinic in Al-Salam Teaching Hospital, which is the only authorized committee in Nineveh Health Directorate.

RESULTS: The highest age percentage is between (18 and 27 y/76%). Angle class III cases are the uppermost cases (36%) from the total. A significant P value is clear at the level ≤0.05 and ≤0.01 between surgery type and discrepancy in anterior segmental osteotomies (upper and lower) which is performed in bi-maxillary protrusion cases and Angle class II cases (0.01**). Similarly, anterior segmental osteotomies (upper jaw only) which are indicated in both open bite and Angle Class II cases documented as a statistically significant P value (0.02*). The positive correlation is shown in all variables with the disharmony or facial discrepancies. Esthetic and beauty as causes for treatment recorded more than function in relation to time series.

CONCLUSION: This study documents that patients with skeletal class III accounted for the largest percentage (64%) in the study group. A high increase in patients number seeking treatment for their discrepancy is obvious with time from 2009 till 2022.

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