Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Multicenter evaluation of the hemostatic activity of emicizumab in patients with severe hemophilia A.

BACKGROUND: Emicizumab has been approved for the prophylaxis of patients with hemophilia A with or without inhibitors. However, spontaneous and trauma-induced breakthrough bleeds have been reported in patients on emicizumab prophylaxis, and no laboratory assay has been validated to evaluate the hemostatic activity of emicizumab.

OBJECTIVES: The thrombin generation assay (TGA) could be a surrogate marker of the hemostatic efficacy of emicizumab. The correlation between TGA and the methods used to measure emicizumab blood concentration was evaluated in this study.

METHODS: TGA was modified by the use of a trigger reagent combining a very low concentration of tissue factor and activated factor (F)XI. Emicizumab quantification was performed by 3 methods: the modified 1-step FVIII assay and 2 methods based on liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry (LC-MS).

RESULTS: Using tissue factor/activated FXI-triggered TGA and platelet-poor plasma, a relationship was observed between the area under the thrombin generation curve (endogenous thrombin potential [ETP]) and the clinical response of patients to emicizumab. The ultrastructure of fibrin clots was consistent with ETP results and showed that emicizumab had a hemostatic activity equivalent to 20 to 30 IU/dL of FVIII. Finally, pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic analyses showed no correlation between ETP and LC-MS nor with modified 1-stage FVIII assay, but a statistically significant correlation between the LC-MS methods and the time-to-peak results of the TGA.

CONCLUSION: Using a modified TGA, this study showed that patients who experienced breakthrough bleeds while on emicizumab had a lower thrombin-generating capacity compared with others with good clinical response to emicizumab.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app