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LncRNA GAS8-AS1 dinucleotide genetic variant n.713A>G, n.714T>C is associated with early-stage disease, lymph node, and distant metastasis in differentiated thyroid cancer.

Endocrine 2024 April 6
PURPOSE: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play an essential role in the epigenetic regulation of various key genes involved in vital cellular functions. A somatic dinucleotide mutation in the lncRNA GAS8-AS1 was reported in Chinese papillary thyroid cancer. However, GAS8-AS1 dinucleotide alteration and its impact have never been explored in differentiated thyroid cancers and other populations.

METHODS: We extracted genomic DNA from 265 DTCs and 97 normal healthy subjects, PCR amplified and Sanger sequenced to examine the GAS8-AS1 dinucleotide alteration. Calculated genotype/allele frequency to test Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium (HWE) and performed a genetic model of inheritance to determine its association with DTC risk. Correlated the GAS8-AS1 dinucleotide variant distribution with clinical characteristics to find the association. Predicted GAS8-AS1 RNA secondary structure for wild type and variant using RemuRNA and RNAfold to assess the conformational changes.

RESULTS: GAS8-AS1 dinucleotide alteration (n.713A > G, rs55742939; n.714T > C, rs61118444) identified in DTCs is a germline variant not somatic. The GAS8-AS1 genotype and allele frequency significantly deviated for HWE in DTCs (χ2 = 37.954; p = 0.0001) though not associated with its risk. Dinucleotide variant distribution was remarkably associated with early-stage disease (p = 0.002), lymph node (p = 0.01), and distant metastasis (p = 0.01) in DTCs. The GAS8-AS1 bearing dinucleotide variant markedly showed conformational change compared to that of its wild type.

CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate that GAS8-AS1 is genetically deregulated and implicated in several stages of DTC tumorigenesis suggesting it could be a promising prognostic biomarker in DTCs.

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