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Peribulbar Corticosteroids for Ocular Myasthenia Gravis.

BACKGROUND: Ocular myasthenia gravis is treated predominantly by oral medications, with the potential for systemic adverse effects. Successful treatment has been achieved using peribulbar dexamethasone. We assessed the effect of peribulbar dexamethasone or triamcinolone (40-mg Triesence), a longer-acting corticosteroid, targeting the peribulbar area as opposed to directly injecting the affected extraocular muscle. This more convenient and secure approach holds the potential for straightforward integration within clinical environments.

METHODS: Retrospective chart review.

RESULTS: Five patients were identified that were treated with peribulbar corticosteroids. In 4 of the 5 cases, ophthalmoparesis was unilateral. One case had isolated ptosis, and 4 had both ptosis and ophthalmoparesis. Three of these 4 cases reported complete resolution of symptoms within weeks of a single injection. Improvement lasted between 5 to 6 months, and all patients responded to repeated injections.

CONCLUSIONS: Peribulbar corticosteroids can be effective in ocular myasthenia gravis. We suggest that longer-acting agents such as triamcinolone are preferable, to reduce injection frequency.

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